Eight articles on PainSci cite Tumminello 2017: (1) Quite a Stretch (2) Complete Guide to Plantar Fasciitis (3) Shin Splints Treatment, The Complete Guide (4) Strength Training for Pain & Injury Rehab (5) Your Back Is Not Out of Alignment (6) Repetitive Strain Injuries Tutorial (7) The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) (8) 5 Main Reasons Athletes Stretch… All Flawed
PainSci notes on Tumminello 2017:
Tumminello, Silvernail, and Cormack decisively but gently and diplomatically tip over this most sacred cow of personal training and therapy: corrective exercise, which is based on the idea that there is something in-correct about patients — fragile, weak, or uneven — which can be both identified and fixed by specific, expertly prescribed exercises, mainly strengthening and stretching exercises, the staples of stereotypical physical therapy. The trap is the belief that this “technical” approach is inherently superior to good exercise in general.
The danger here is that many fitness professionals might end up making their training process more about a formalized evaluation procedure and less about good personal training. …In order to spot a physical flaw that needs to be corrected, one must begin by having a reliable measure of whether or not it is actually problematic in the first place.
Spoiler alert: there is no such reliable measure! Corrective exercise is built on wishful thinking. Screening for movement dysfunctions has been failing one fair scientific test after another. The importance of posture has been wildly exaggerated. The importance of anatomical variation has been virtually ignored.
These authors all have excellent credentials and top notch clinical reasoning skills. These are smart guys tackling several thorny sub-topics like postural dysfunction, movement dysfunction, core stability, and — most important of all, I think — the “nocebo concerns” with corrective exercise: “when clients are told such things about themselves from an authority figure (as they might be during some corrective exercise evaluations), that this potentially makes one’s clients less resilient and more prone to injury and pain.”
Translation sans diplomacy: stop #%&^ telling patients they are fragile and weak!
- “Reasoning exercise dosage for people with persistent pain,” Paul Lagerman, In Touch, 2018.
- “At the borders of medical reasoning: aetiological and ontological challenges of medically unexplained symptoms,” Thor Eirik Eriksen, Roger Kerry, Stephen Mumford, Svein Anders Noer Lie, and Rani Lill Anjum, Philos Ethics Humanit Med, 2013.
- “Thomas L. DeLorme and the science of progressive resistance exercise,” Janice S Todd, Jason P Shurley, and Terry C Todd, Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2012.
- The End of Physiotherapy (book), by David Nicholls.
This page is part of the PainScience BIBLIOGRAPHY, which contains plain language summaries of thousands of scientific papers & others sources. It’s like a highly specialized blog. A few highlights:
- Relationships Between Sleep Quality and Pain-Related Factors for People with Chronic Low Back Pain: Tests of Reciprocal and Time of Day Effects. Gerhart 2017 Ann Behav Med.
- Modulation in the elastic properties of gastrocnemius muscle heads in individuals with plantar fasciitis and its relationship with pain. Zhou 2020 Sci Rep.
- Association Between Plantar Fasciitis and Isolated Gastrocnemius Tightness. Nakale 2018 Foot Ankle Int.
- No Added Benefit of Combining Dry Needling With Guideline-Based Physical Therapy When Managing Chronic Neck Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Stieven 2020 J Orthop Sports Phys Ther.
- Effectiveness of customised foot orthoses for Achilles tendinopathy: a randomised controlled trial. Munteanu 2015 Br J Sports Med.