PainSci summary of Näslund 2006?This page is one of thousands in the PainScience.com bibliography. It is not a general article: it is focused on a single scientific paper, and it may provide only just enough context for the summary to make sense. Links to other papers and more general information are provided at the bottom of the page, as often as possible. ★★★★☆4-star ratings are for bigger/better studies and reviews published in more prestigious journals, with only quibbles. Ratings are a highly subjective opinion, and subject to revision at any time. If you think this paper has been incorrectly rated, please let me know.
Researchers bone scanned and x-rayed 80 patients diagnosed with PFPS and with many common similar diagnoses eliminated, a nice “pure” selection of unexplained knee pain patients. They divided them into three groups: 17 with pathology, 29 with “hot” kneecaps (metabolically active), and 29 without any findings (5 dropped out). All patients and 48 healthy subjects without any knee pain were then interviewed and examined by a surgeon and a physical therapist.
They could not diagnose the pathologies without the scans — all patients with pain tested about the same, and their symptoms were indistinguishable. Q-for-quadriceps angles were about 4˚ bigger in the afflicted, but the authors carefully explain that 4˚ too small to be reliably detected. The most interesting result of the study is that almost half the PFPS patients had kneecaps throbbing with metabolic activity — that’s a fairly strong pattern.
original abstract†Abstracts here may not perfectly match originals, for a variety of technical and practical reasons. Some abstacts are truncated for my purposes here, if they are particularly long-winded and unhelpful. I occasionally add clarifying notes. And I make some minor corrections.
Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders. However, no consensus on the definition, classification, assessment, diagnosis, or management has been reached. We evaluated symptoms and clinical findings in subgroups of individuals with PFPS, classified on the basis of the findings in radiological examinations and compared the findings with knee-healthy subjects. An orthopedic surgeon and a physical therapist consecutively examined 80 patients clinically diagnosed as having PFPS and referred for physical therapy. The examination consisted of taking a case history and clinical tests. Radiography revealed pathology in 15 patients, and scintigraphic examination revealed focal uptake in 2 patients indicating pathology (group C). Diffusely increased uptake was present in 29 patients (group B). In the remaining 29 patients radiographic and scintigraphic examinations were normal (group A). Knee-healthy controls (group D) reported no clinical symptoms. No symptom could be statistically demonstrated to differ between the three patient groups. Knee-healthy subjects differed significantly from the three patient groups in all clinical tests measuring pain in response to the provocations; compression test, medial and lateral tenderness, passive gliding of the patella, but they also differed in Q angle. Differences in clinical tests between the patient groups were nonsignificant. The main finding in our study on patients clinically diagnosed with PFPS is that possible pathologies cannot be detected from the patient's history or from commonly used clinical tests.
- “Diffusely increased bone scintigraphic uptake in patellofemoral pain syndrome,” J E Näslund, S Odenbring, U-B Naslund, and T Lundeberg, British Journal of Sports Medicine, 2005.
- “Associates of physical function and pain in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome,” Sara R Piva, G Kelley Fitzgerald, James J Irrgang, Julie M Fritz, Stephen Wisniewski, Gerald T McGinty, John D Childs, Manuel A Domenech, Scott Jones, and Anthony Delitto, Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 2009.
These four articles on PainScience.com cite Näslund 2006 as a source:
- Save Yourself from Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome! — Patellofemoral pain syndrome (aka runner’s knee) explained and discussed in great detail, including every imaginable self-treatment option and all the available scientific evidence
- IT Band & Patellofemoral Pain Defy Common Sense — The science shows that you can’t blame runner’s knee on structural quirks that seem like “obvious” problems
- How PainScience.com Works — A behind-the-scenes tour of the quirky, custom tech of PainScience.com (especially the “bibliography first” design principle)
- Patellofemoral Pain Diagnosis with Bone Scan — If you have anterior knee pain, should you bother x-ray, MRI, CT scan, or bone scan?
This page is part of the PainScience BIBLIOGRAPHY, which contains plain language summaries of thousands of scientific papers & others sources. It’s like a highly specialized blog. A few highlights:
- Effectiveness of customised foot orthoses for Achilles tendinopathy: a randomised controlled trial. Munteanu 2015 Br J Sports Med.
- A Bayesian model-averaged meta-analysis of the power pose effect with informed and default priors: the case of felt power. Gronau 2017 Comprehensive Results in Social Psychology.
- The neck and headaches. Bogduk 2014 Neurol Clin.
- Agreement of self-reported items and clinically assessed nerve root involvement (or sciatica) in a primary care setting. Konstantinou 2012 Eur Spine J.
- Effect of NSAIDs on Recovery From Acute Skeletal Muscle Injury: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Morelli 2017 Am J Sports Med.