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bibliography * The PainScience Bibliography contains plain language summaries of thousands of scientific papers and others sources, like a specialized blog. This page is about a single scientific paper in the bibliography, Häkkinen 2008.

Long-term strength training and stretching for chronic neck pain

Tags: self-treatment, strength, exercise, neck, stretch, treatment, head/neck, spine, muscle

PainSci summary of Häkkinen 2008?This page is one of thousands in the bibliography. It is not a general article: it is focused on a single scientific paper, and it may provide only just enough context for the summary to make sense. Links to other papers and more general information are provided at the bottom of the page, as often as possible. ★★★★☆?4-star ratings are for bigger/better studies and reviews published in more prestigious journals, with only quibbles. Ratings are a highly subjective opinion, and subject to revision at any time. If you think this paper has been incorrectly rated, please let me know.

Researchers tested the effectiveness of strength training for neck pain and disability by comparing two exercise regimens, kicked off with ten group training sessions. A hundred patients participated: fifty did a year of strength training combined with stretching, and the other fifty did just stretching. No significant differences were found in pain or disability.

The authors also noted that patient dedication to the exercises probably left something to be desired, but that’s so inevitable in any group of average people that it can be considered a natural weakness of exercise therapy. So this evidence strongly suggests that strengthening is unremarkable at best as a therapy for neck pain, either because it doesn’t work particularly well, and/or because you can’t get people to do it long enough and well enough even if it did.

~ Paul Ingraham

original abstract

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of a 12-month home-based combined strength training and stretching programme against stretching alone in the treatment of chronic neck pain.

DESIGN: A randomized follow-up study.

PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and one patients with chronic non-specific neck pain were randomized in two groups.

INTERVENTION: The strength training and stretching group was supported by 10 group training sessions and the stretching group was instructed to perform stretching exercises only as instructed in one group session.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Neck pain, disability, neck muscle strength and mobility of cervical spine were measured before and after the intervention.

RESULTS: No significant differences in improvement in neck pain and disability were found between the two training groups. Mean (SD) pain decreased from 64 (17) mm by 37 (95% confidence interval (CI) 44 to 30) mm in the strength training and stretching group, and from 60 (17) mm by 32 (39 to 25) mm in the stretching group. The improvements in disability were significant in both groups (P<0.001), while the changes in neck strength and mobility were minor. Training adherence decreased over time from the targeted three sessions a week, ending up at 1.1 (0.7) times a week for strength training and stretching group and 1.4 (0.8) times a week for stretching group.

CONCLUSIONS: No statistically significant differences in neck pain and disability were observed between the two home-based training regimens. Combined strength training and stretching or stretching only were probably as effective in achieving a long-term improvement although the training adherence was rather low most of the time.

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One article on cites Häkkinen 2008 as a source:

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