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bibliography * The PainScience Bibliography contains plain language summaries of thousands of scientific papers and others sources, like a specialized blog. This page is about a single scientific paper in the bibliography, Cheng 2015.

Long-term effects of therapeutic exercise on nonspecific chronic neck pain: a literature review

Cheng CH, Su HT, Yen LW, Liu WY, Cheng HY. Long-term effects of therapeutic exercise on nonspecific chronic neck pain: a literature review. J Phys Ther Sci. 2015 Apr;27(4):1271–6. PubMed #25995604.
Tags: treatment, strength, exercise, neck, self-treatment, head/neck, spine

PainSci summary of Cheng 2015?This page is one of thousands in the bibliography. It is not a general article: it is focused on a single scientific paper, and it may provide only just enough context for the summary to make sense. Links to other papers and more general information are provided at the bottom of the page, as often as possible. ★★★☆☆?3-star ratings are for typical studies with no more (or less) than the usual common problems. Ratings are a highly subjective opinion, and subject to revision at any time. If you think this paper has been incorrectly rated, please let me know.

“The studies reviewed in this study were medium- or high-quality RCTs with high evidence reliability. The reviewed results show that short-term neck exercise training yields immediate therapeutic relief for patients with chronic nonspecific neck pain. However, their effectiveness was not sustained for long. When the patients developed long-term exercise habits at home, the body structure and function of the patients improved with concomitant long-term benefits. More high-level evidence is needed to verify the efficacy of long-term exercise interventions on patients’ activity and social participation.”

original abstractAbstracts here may not perfectly match originals, for a variety of technical and practical reasons. Some abstacts are truncated for my purposes here, if they are particularly long-winded and unhelpful. I occasionally add clarifying notes. And I make some minor corrections.

PURPOSE: Nonspecific neck pain is a common musculoskeletal disease. Therapeutic exercise has been shown to improve pain and disability in short-term and midterm follow-ups. This study performed a literature review of the long-term effects of therapeutic exercise on subjects with nonspecific chronic neck pain. SUBJECTS AND

METHODS: The databases of the CINAHL, MEDLINE, PEDro and PubMed were used. Randomized controlled trials (RCT) published from January 2000 to January 2014 and explicitly including a one-year follow-up were identified.

RESULTS: Only six articles were included in this review. They had scores of 5 to 8 points on the PEDro scale, and the level of evidence was grade I. The study results show that the main exercises used were cervical strengthening and endurance training exercise. Short-term exercises (10 to 12 weeks) helped to improve the body function, structure, activity and participation immediately after the intervention, but not at the long-term follow-up. On the other hand, long-term interventions (1 year) resulted in improvements in body function and structure at the 3 year follow-up.

CONCLUSION: The results of the six high-quality studies suggest that long-term exercise have long-term benefits for patients with nonspecific neck pain in terms of body function and structure.

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One article on cites Cheng 2015 as a source:

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