Three articles on PainSci cite Wilkens 2010: 1. Complete Guide to Low Back Pain 2. The Complete Guide to Neck Pain & Cricks 3. Vitamins, Minerals & Supplements for Pain & Healing
PainSci commentary on Wilkens 2010: ?This page is one of thousands in the PainScience.com bibliography. It is not a general article: it is focused on a single scientific paper, and it may provide only just enough context for the summary to make sense. Links to other papers and more general information are provided wherever possible.
This straightforward and good quality test of glucosamine for low back pain — the first of its kind — found no therapeutic benefit by any measure: “Our findings suggest that glucosamine is not associated with a significant difference in pain-related disability, low back and leg pain, health-related quality of life, global perceived effect of treatment.” Although statistically insignificant, disability was actually greater in those who took glucosamine, and “approximately 30% of the patients reported mild adverse events.” They tested 250 adults who’d had low back pain for more than 6 months, and degenerative lumbar osteoarthritis.
Almost 30% of patients had mild side effects, and 10 patients withdrew because of them, but there were no serious problems.
See also Dr. Harriet Hall’s analysis. She writes:
[This study is] well-designed, randomized and double blind, with 250 subjects, a low drop-out rate, a 6 month duration with a one year follow-up, appropriate clinical criteria for improvement (disability, pain, quality of life, use of rescue medications), intention-to-treat analysis, and even an ‘exit poll’ to insure that blinding had been effective, that patients couldn’t guess which group they were in. It used the doses of glucosamine sulfate that had been called for by critics of previous studies. It was done in Norway, where glucosamine is a prescription drug (in the US it is marketed as a diet supplement under DSHEA regulations so there is a greater possibility of dosage variations and impurities); it was independently funded, with no involvement of industry.
~ Paul Ingraham
original abstract †Abstracts here may not perfectly match originals, for a variety of technical and practical reasons. Some abstacts are truncated for my purposes here, if they are particularly long-winded and unhelpful. I occasionally add clarifying notes. And I make some minor corrections.
CONTEXT: Chronic low back pain (LBP) with degenerative lumbar osteoarthritis (OA) is widespread in the adult population. Although glucosamine is increasingly used by patients with chronic LBP, little is known about its effect in this setting.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of glucosamine in patients with chronic LBP and degenerative lumbar OA.
DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial conducted at Oslo University Hospital Outpatient Clinic, Oslo, Norway, with 250 patients older than 25 years of age with chronic LBP >6 months) and degenerative lumbar OA.
INTERVENTIONS: Daily intake of 1500 mg of oral glucosamine (n = 125) or placebo (n = 125) for 6 months, with assessment of effect after the 6-month intervention period and at 1 year (6 months postintervention).
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was pain-related disability measured with the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ). Secondary outcomes were numerical scores from pain-rating scales of patients at rest and during activity, and the quality-of-life EuroQol-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) instrument. Data collection occurred during the intervention period at baseline, 6 weeks, 3 and 6 months, and again 6 months following the intervention at 1 year. Group differences were analyzed using linear mixed models analysis.
RESULTS: At baseline, mean RMDQ scores were 9.2 (95% confidence interval [CI], 8.4-10.0) for glucosamine and 9.7 (95% CI, 8.9-10.5) for the placebo group (P = .37). At 6 months, the mean RMDQ score was the same for the glucosamine and placebo groups (5.0; 95% CI, 4.2-5.8). At 1 year, the mean RMDQ scores were 4.8 (95% CI, 3.9-5.6) for glucosamine and 5.5 (95% CI, 4.7-6.4) for the placebo group. No statistically significant difference in change between groups was found when assessed after the 6-month intervention period and at 1 year: RMDQ (P = .72), LBP at rest (P = .91), LBP during activity (P = .97), and quality-of-life EQ-5D (P = .20). Mild adverse events were reported in 40 patients in the glucosamine group and 46 in the placebo group (P = .48).
CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with chronic LBP and degenerative lumbar OA, 6-month treatment with oral glucosamine compared with placebo did not result in reduced pain-related disability after the 6-month intervention and after 1-year follow-up.
- “Glucosamine,” Sol Orwell and Kurtis Frank, Examine.com.
- “Creatine,” Sol Orwell and Kurtis Frank, Examine.com.
- “Glucosamine, chondroitin sulfate, and the two in combination for painful knee osteoarthritis,” Daniel O Clegg, Domenic J Reda, Crystal L Harris, Marguerite A Klein, James R O’Dell, Michele M Hooper, John D Bradley, 3rd Bingham, Michael H Weisman, Christopher G Jackson, Nancy E Lane, John J Cush, Larry W Moreland, Jr Schumacher, Chester V Oddis, Frederick Wolfe, Jerry A Molitor, David E Yocum, Thomas J Schnitzer, Daniel E Furst, Allen D Sawitzke, Helen Shi, Kenneth D Brandt, Roland W Moskowitz, and H James Williams, New England Journal of Medicine, 2006.
- “Clinical efficacy and safety of glucosamine, chondroitin sulphate, their combination, celecoxib or placebo taken to treat osteoarthritis of the knee: 2-year results from GAIT,” Allen D Sawitzke, Helen Shi, Martha F Finco, Dorothy D Dunlop, Crystal L Harris, Nora G Singer, John D Bradley, David Silver, Christopher G Jackson, Nancy E Lane, Chester V Oddis, Fred Wolfe, Jeffrey Lisse, Daniel E Furst, Clifton O Bingham, Domenic J Reda, Roland W Moskowitz, H James Williams, and Daniel O Clegg, Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 2010.
- “Glucosamine therapy for treating osteoarthritis,” T E Towheed, L Maxwell, T P Anastassiades, B Shea, J Houpt, V Robinson, M C Hochberg, and G Wells, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2005.
- “Effects of glucosamine, chondroitin, or placebo in patients with osteoarthritis of hip or knee: network meta-analysis,” Simon Wandel, Peter Jüni, Britta Tendal, Eveline Nüesch, Peter Villiger, Nicky Welton, Stephan Reichenbach, and Sven Trelle, British Medical Journal, 2010.
Specifically regarding Wilkens 2010:
This page is part of the PainScience BIBLIOGRAPHY, which contains plain language summaries of thousands of scientific papers & others sources. It’s like a highly specialized blog. A few highlights:
- Photobiomodulation therapy is not better than placebo in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain: a randomised placebo-controlled trial. Guimarães 2021 Pain.
- No effect of creatine monohydrate supplementation on inflammatory and cartilage degradation biomarkers in individuals with knee osteoarthritis. Cornish 2018 Nutr Res.
- The CANBACK trial: a randomised, controlled clinical trial of oral cannabidiol for people presenting to the emergency department with acute low back pain. Bebee 2021 Med J Aust.
- Relationships Between Sleep Quality and Pain-Related Factors for People with Chronic Low Back Pain: Tests of Reciprocal and Time of Day Effects. Gerhart 2017 Ann Behav Med.
- Modulation in the elastic properties of gastrocnemius muscle heads in individuals with plantar fasciitis and its relationship with pain. Zhou 2020 Sci Rep.