Three articles on PainSci cite Callaghan 2012: (1) The Complete Guide to IT Band Syndrome (2) The Complete Guide to Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (3) Kinesio Taping Review
PainSci summary of Callaghan 2012: ?This page is one of thousands in the PainScience.com bibliography. It is not a general article: it is focused on a single scientific paper, and it may provide only just enough context for the summary to make sense. Links to other papers and more general information are provided at the bottom of the page, as often as possible.
After showing that patellar taping improved proprioception (see Callaghan 2002), this straightforward study of brain activity is small and un-powerful, but it also isn’t trying to prove much: just that “patellar taping modulates brain activity in several areas of the brain during a proprioception knee movement task.” This tends to support the notion that taping changes how the knee feels, at least temporarily, which may in turn have an effect on pain.
original abstract †Abstracts here may not perfectly match originals, for a variety of technical and practical reasons. Some abstacts are truncated for my purposes here, if they are particularly long-winded and unhelpful. I occasionally add clarifying notes. And I make some minor corrections.
BACKGROUND: Patella taping is a common treatment modality for physical therapists treating patellofemoral pain. However, the mechanisms of action remain unclear, with much debate as to whether its efficacy is due to a change in patellar alignment or an alteration in sensory input.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the sensory input hypothesis using functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) when taping was applied to the knee joint during a proprioception task.
DESIGN: An observational study with patellar taping intervention.
PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Eight healthy, right leg dominant male volunteers participated in a motor block design study. Each performed two right knee extension repetitive movement tasks; one simple and one proprioceptive. These tasks were performed with and without patellar taping and were auditorally paced for 400 s at 72 beats/min (1.2 Hz).
RESULTS: The proprioception task without patellar tape caused a positive Blood Oxygenation Level Dependant (BOLD) response bilaterally in the medial supplementary motor area (SMA), cingulate motor area (CMA), basal ganglion (BG) and thalamus and medial primary sensory motor cortex (SM1). For the proprioception task with patellar tape there was a decreased BOLD response in these regions. In the lateral primary sensory cortex (S1) there was a negative BOLD response with less activity for the proprioception task with tape.
LIMITATIONS: This study may be limited by a small sample size, a possible learning effect due to a non-random order of tasks and a single joint knee extension task.
CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that patellar taping modulates brain activity in several areas of the brain during a proprioception knee movement task.
- “The effects of patellar taping on knee joint proprioception,” MJ Callaghan, J Selfe, PJ Bagley, and JA Oldham, Journal of Athletic Training, 2002.
This page is part of the PainScience BIBLIOGRAPHY, which contains plain language summaries of thousands of scientific papers & others sources. It’s like a highly specialized blog. A few highlights:
- Relationships Between Sleep Quality and Pain-Related Factors for People with Chronic Low Back Pain: Tests of Reciprocal and Time of Day Effects. Gerhart 2017 Ann Behav Med.
- Modulation in the elastic properties of gastrocnemius muscle heads in individuals with plantar fasciitis and its relationship with pain. Zhou 2020 Sci Rep.
- Association Between Plantar Fasciitis and Isolated Gastrocnemius Tightness. Nakale 2018 Foot Ankle Int.
- No Added Benefit of Combining Dry Needling With Guideline-Based Physical Therapy When Managing Chronic Neck Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Stieven 2020 J Orthop Sports Phys Ther.
- Effectiveness of customised foot orthoses for Achilles tendinopathy: a randomised controlled trial. Munteanu 2015 Br J Sports Med.