Pain worsened by seeing a needle pricking a hand you see as your own
Two articles on PainSci cite Höfle 2012: 1. Pain is Weird 2. Mind Over Pain
original abstract †Abstracts here may not perfectly match originals, for a variety of technical and practical reasons. Some abstacts are truncated for my purposes here, if they are particularly long-winded and unhelpful. I occasionally add clarifying notes. And I make some minor corrections.
“Don’t look and it won’t hurt” is commonly heard advice when receiving an injection, which implies that observing needle pricks enhances pain perception. Throughout our lives, we repeatedly learn that sharp objects cause pain when penetrating our skin, but situational expectations, like information given by the clinician prior to an injection, may also influence how viewing needle pricks affects forthcoming pain. How both previous experiences and acute situational expectations related to viewing needle pricks modulate pain perception is unknown. We presented participants with video clips of a hand perceived as their own being either pricked by a needle or touched by a Q-tip, while concurrently applying painful or nonpainful electrical stimuli. Intensity and unpleasantness ratings, as well as pupil dilation responses, were monitored. Effects of situational expectations about the strength of electrical stimuli were investigated by manipulating the contingency between clips and electrical stimuli across experimental blocks. Participants were explicitly informed about the contingency. Intensity ratings of electrical stimuli were higher when a clip was associated with expectation of painful compared to nonpainful stimuli, suggesting that situational expectations about forthcoming pain bias perceived intensity. Unpleasantness ratings and pupil dilation responses were higher when participants viewed a needle prick, compared to when they viewed a Q-tip touch, suggesting that previous experiences with viewing needle pricks primarily act upon perceived unpleasantness. Thus, remote painful experiences with viewing needle pricks, together with information given prior to an injection, differentially shape the impact of viewing a needle prick on pain perception.
This page is part of the PainScience BIBLIOGRAPHY, which contains plain language summaries of thousands of scientific papers & others sources. It’s like a highly specialized blog. A few highlights:
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