original abstract†Abstracts here may not perfectly match originals, for a variety of technical and practical reasons. Some abstacts are truncated for my purposes here, if they are particularly long-winded and unhelpful. I occasionally add clarifying notes. And I make some minor corrections.
This study analyzed the mortality in 1453 spinal cord injured patients admitted early after injury to a specialised Spinal Injuries Unit within a University teaching hospital over a 40-year period. The cohort comprised 55.3% patients with cervical lesions and 44.7% patients with thoracic/lumbar lesions. Those patients who died within 18 months of the spinal injury (132) were excluded from the final analysis. Standardised Mortality Ratios, survival rates and life expectancy ratios were calculated for specific ranges of current attained age and duration since injury with reference to level and degree of spinal cord injury. The projected mean life expectancy of spinal cord injured people compared to that of the whole population was then estimated to approach 70% of normal for individuals with complete tetraplegia and 84% of normal for complete paraplegia (Frankel grade A). Patients with an incomplete lesion and motor functional capabilities (Frankel grade D) are projected to have a life expectancy of at least 92% of the normal population.
- “21st-century hazards of smoking and benefits of cessation in the United States,” an article in New England Journal of Medicine, 2013.
These two articles on PainScience.com cite Yeo 1998 as a source:
- PS The Trouble with Chairs — The science of being sedentary and how much it does (or doesn’t) affect your health and back pain
- PS Organ Health Does Not Depend on Spinal Nerves! — One of the key selling points for chiropractic care is the anatomically impossible premise that your spinal nerve roots are important to your general health
This page is part of the PainScience BIBLIOGRAPHY, which contains plain language summaries of thousands of scientific papers & others sources. It’s like a highly specialized blog. A few highlights:
- A Bayesian model-averaged meta-analysis of the power pose effect with informed and default priors: the case of felt power. Gronau 2017 Comprehensive Results in Social Psychology.
- Association of Spinal Manipulative Therapy With Clinical Benefit and Harm for Acute Low Back Pain: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Paige 2017 JAMA.
- Incidence of Spontaneous Resorption of Lumbar Disc Herniation: A Meta-Analysis. Zhong 2017 Pain Physician.
- How much is too much? (Part 1) International Olympic Committee consensus statement on load in sport and risk of injury. Soligard 2016 Br J Sports Med.
- Chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy for migraine: a three-armed, single-blinded, placebo, randomized controlled trial. Chaibi 2016 Eur J Neurol.