One article on PainSci cites Snyder-Mackler 1994: Zapped! Does TENS work for pain?
original abstract †Abstracts here may not perfectly match originals, for a variety of technical and practical reasons. Some abstacts are truncated for my purposes here, if they are particularly long-winded and unhelpful. I occasionally add clarifying notes. And I make some minor corrections.
A burst-superimposition technique was used to assess the strength of the quadriceps femoris muscle in three groups of patients. Group 1 comprised twenty patients who had had a torn anterior cruciate ligament of the knee and had a reconstruction of the ligament one to six months after the injury. Group 2 comprised twelve patients who had had a torn anterior cruciate ligament for an average of three months (a subacute tear). Group 3 comprised eight patients who had had a torn anterior cruciate ligament for an average of two years (a chronic tear). The patients in Groups 2 and 3 had not had an operation for the torn ligament. The patients in Groups 1 and 3 had no evidence of failure of activation of the involved quadriceps, but nine of the twelve patients in Group 2 had reflex inhibition of contraction of the muscle.
This page is part of the PainScience BIBLIOGRAPHY, which contains plain language summaries of thousands of scientific papers & others sources. It’s like a highly specialized blog. A few highlights:
- No long-term effects after a three-week open-label placebo treatment for chronic low back pain: a three-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial. Kleine-Borgmann 2022 Pain.
- Exercise and education versus saline injections for knee osteoarthritis: a randomised controlled equivalence trial. Bandak 2022 Ann Rheum Dis.
- Association of Lumbar MRI Findings with Current and Future Back Pain in a Population-based Cohort Study. Kasch 2022 Spine (Phila Pa 1976).
- A double-blinded randomised controlled study of the value of sequential intravenous and oral magnesium therapy in patients with chronic low back pain with a neuropathic component. Yousef 2013 Anaesthesia.
- Is Neck Posture Subgroup in Late Adolescence a Risk Factor for Persistent Neck Pain in Young Adults? A Prospective Study. Richards 2021 Phys Ther.