Two articles on PainSci cite Smith 2019: 1. Chronic Pain and Inequality 2. Vaginismus
original abstract †Abstracts here may not perfectly match originals, for a variety of technical and practical reasons. Some abstacts are truncated for my purposes here, if they are particularly long-winded and unhelpful. I occasionally add clarifying notes. And I make some minor corrections.
OBJECTIVES: Multidisciplinary treatment programs for provoked vestibulodynia (PVD) are recommended, yet few have been evaluated. This study examined women's symptom trajectories over time, as well as baseline demographic, psychosocial and pain characteristics as predictors/ moderators of sexual pain and distress following treatment at a clinic using multidisciplinary concurrent methods. We also examined the impact of baseline variables on the probability of having low sexual distress scores following treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Women attending a multidisciplinary treatment program for PVD were invited to complete questionnaires before, following, and at 6 and 18 months after program completion. Questionnaires included the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), Female Sexual Distress Scale (FSDS), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS), Painful Intercourse Self-Efficacy Scale (PISES), and Pain Vigilance and Awareness Questionnaire (PVAQ). Linear mixed-effects models evaluated the FSDS and FSFI pain subscale as criterion variables, and the other baseline variables as predictors and moderators. RESULTS: Significant improvements in sexual distress and pain were observed over time. No significant moderators were identified, but higher baseline levels of FSFI desire and arousal predicted greater improvements in sexual distress. Similarly, higher baseline levels of desire predicted greater improvements in pain. Among women distressed at baseline and with 6 month FSDS scores, 25% (n=35) were no longer sexually distressed at 6 months; higher baseline levels of desire were associated with greater probability of having low sexual distress at 6 months. DISCUSSION: Although global improvements were observed, women with poorer baseline sexual functioning were less likely to improve after multidisciplinary treatment.
This page is part of the PainScience BIBLIOGRAPHY, which contains plain language summaries of thousands of scientific papers & others sources. It’s like a highly specialized blog. A few highlights:
- Photobiomodulation therapy is not better than placebo in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain: a randomised placebo-controlled trial. Guimarães 2021 Pain.
- No effect of creatine monohydrate supplementation on inflammatory and cartilage degradation biomarkers in individuals with knee osteoarthritis. Cornish 2018 Nutr Res.
- The CANBACK trial: a randomised, controlled clinical trial of oral cannabidiol for people presenting to the emergency department with acute low back pain. Bebee 2021 Med J Aust.
- Relationships Between Sleep Quality and Pain-Related Factors for People with Chronic Low Back Pain: Tests of Reciprocal and Time of Day Effects. Gerhart 2017 Ann Behav Med.
- Modulation in the elastic properties of gastrocnemius muscle heads in individuals with plantar fasciitis and its relationship with pain. Zhou 2020 Sci Rep.