Three articles on PainSci cite Silvernail 2012: 1. Pseudo-Quackery in the Treatment of Pain 2. Science versus Experience in Musculoskeletal Medicine 3. Reassurance for Massage Therapists
PainSci summary of Silvernail 2012: ?This page is one of thousands in the PainScience.com bibliography. It is not a general article: it is focused on a single scientific paper, and it may provide only just enough context for the summary to make sense. Links to other papers and more general information are provided wherever possible.
Published trials of an impairment-based manual therapy approach where the treatment is provided by highly-trained clinicians using manual therapy in the context of a systematic, hypothesis-based clinical reasoning process have consistently shown large effect sizes in validated outcome measures relative to other interventions.
Manual therapy is not, as is sometimes believed, simply the application of manipulative techniques for the treatment of painful problems. A manipulative procedure is not the same as a manual therapy approach, just as extension exercises do not represent the MDT approach. The manual therapy approach is a ‘process’ of care centred on a reasoning model, not a ‘product’ consisting of one or more manipulative techniques.
Anyone can show a patient a few press-ups or twist someone’s spine. It takes a skilled and well-trained clinician to use a systematic reasoning model to arrive at the appropriate treatment decision, and that clinical process leads to the positive results seen in published randomized trials. These are results that last and produce meaningful improvement in our patients’ lives — using low cost, low risk, non-invasive care.
~ Paul Ingraham
- “Does it matter which exercise? A randomized control trial of exercise for low back pain,” Audrey Long, Ron Donelson, and Tak Fung, Spine (Phila Pa 1976), 2004.
- “The effectiveness of manual physical therapy and exercise for mechanical neck pain: a randomized clinical trial,” Michael J Walker, Robert E Boyles, Brian A Young, Joseph B Strunce, Matthew B Garber, Julie M Whitman, Gail Deyle, and Robert S Wainner, Spine (Phila Pa 1976), 2008.
- “Physical therapy treatment effectiveness for osteoarthritis of the knee: a randomized comparison of supervised clinical exercise and manual therapy procedures versus a home exercise program,” Gail D Deyle, Stephen C Allison, Robert L Matekel, Michael G Ryder, John M Stang, David D Gohdes, Jeremy P Hutton, Nancy E Henderson, and Matthew B Garber, Physical Therapy, 2005.
- “A comparison between two physical therapy treatment programs for patients with lumbar spinal stenosis: a randomized clinical trial,” Julie M Whitman, Timothy W Flynn, John D Childs, Robert S Wainner, Howard E Gill, Michael G Ryder, Matthew B Garber, Andrew C Bennett, and Julie M Fritz, Spine (Phila Pa 1976), 2006.
- “The use of RCT's in manual therapy--are we trying to fit a round peg into a square hole?,” Steve Milanese, Manual Therapy, 2011.
This page is part of the PainScience BIBLIOGRAPHY, which contains plain language summaries of thousands of scientific papers & others sources. It’s like a highly specialized blog. A few highlights:
- Relationships Between Sleep Quality and Pain-Related Factors for People with Chronic Low Back Pain: Tests of Reciprocal and Time of Day Effects. Gerhart 2017 Ann Behav Med.
- Modulation in the elastic properties of gastrocnemius muscle heads in individuals with plantar fasciitis and its relationship with pain. Zhou 2020 Sci Rep.
- Association Between Plantar Fasciitis and Isolated Gastrocnemius Tightness. Nakale 2018 Foot Ankle Int.
- A Bayesian model-averaged meta-analysis of the power pose effect with informed and default priors: the case of felt power. Gronau 2017 Comprehensive Results in Social Psychology.
- The neck and headaches. Bogduk 2014 Neurol Clin.