Two articles on PainSci cite Reitinger 1996: 1. The Complete Guide to Trigger Points & Myofascial Pain 2. The Trigger Point Identity Crisis
PainSci notes on Reitinger 1996:
In the first study of its kind in humans, Reitinger et al. perform biopsies of still-palpable nodules (presumed to be trigger points) in the gluteus medius muscle in fresh cadavers — an unusual and difficult thing to accomplish. Rigor mortis would not have set in to any significant degree in fresh cadavers.
Microscopic cross-sections of the tissue showed enlarged and darkly-staining muscle fibers — swollen fibers with higher oxidative capacity (more mitochondria, basically) — compared to elsewhere in the muscle. Their diameters were probably larger because they were contracted: electron microscopy showed maximally contracted sarcomeres, indicated by wide A-bands, absent I-bands, and close Z-bands.
This page is part of the PainScience BIBLIOGRAPHY, which contains plain language summaries of thousands of scientific papers & others sources. It’s like a highly specialized blog. A few highlights:
- No long-term effects after a three-week open-label placebo treatment for chronic low back pain: a three-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial. Kleine-Borgmann 2022 Pain.
- Exercise and education versus saline injections for knee osteoarthritis: a randomised controlled equivalence trial. Bandak 2022 Ann Rheum Dis.
- Association of Lumbar MRI Findings with Current and Future Back Pain in a Population-based Cohort Study. Kasch 2022 Spine (Phila Pa 1976).
- A double-blinded randomised controlled study of the value of sequential intravenous and oral magnesium therapy in patients with chronic low back pain with a neuropathic component. Yousef 2013 Anaesthesia.
- Is Neck Posture Subgroup in Late Adolescence a Risk Factor for Persistent Neck Pain in Young Adults? A Prospective Study. Richards 2021 Phys Ther.