One article on PainSci cites O’Laughlin 2014: The Complete Guide to Muscle Strains
PainSci notes on O’Laughlin 2014:
Complete hamstring avulsions — that is, complete ruptures of muscles where they attach to bones — are not necessarily obvious. They aren’t all as painful initially as they sound. And according to this study, they “can be difficult to diagnose due to swelling and patient guarding, which may mask a visibly palpable defect and lead to delays in diagnosis.” Yikes!
original abstract †Abstracts here may not perfectly match originals, for a variety of technical and practical reasons. Some abstacts are truncated for my purposes here, if they are particularly long-winded and unhelpful. I occasionally add clarifying notes. And I make some minor corrections.
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hamstring injuries are frequent injuries in athletes, with the most common being strains at the musculotendinous junction or within the muscle belly. Conversely, hamstring avulsions are rare and often misdiagnosed leading to delay in appropriate surgical interventions. The purpose of this case report is to describe the history and physical examination findings that led to appropriate diagnostic imaging and the subsequent diagnosis and expedited surgical intervention of a complete avulsion of the hamstring muscle group from the ischium in a military combatives athlete.
CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient was a 25 year-old male who sustained a hyperflexion injury to his right hip with knee extension while participating in military combatives, presenting with acute posterior thigh and buttock pain. History and physical examination findings from a physical therapy evaluation prompted an urgent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study, which led to the diagnosis of a complete avulsion of the hamstring muscle group off the ischium.
OUTCOME: Expedited surgical intervention occurred within 13 days of the injury potentially limiting comorbidities associated with delayed diagnosis.
CONCLUSION: Recognition of the avulsion led to prompt surgical evaluation and intervention. Literature has shown that diagnosis of hamstring avulsions are frequently missed or delayed, which results in a myriad of complications.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 4.
This page is part of the PainScience BIBLIOGRAPHY, which contains plain language summaries of thousands of scientific papers & others sources. It’s like a highly specialized blog. A few highlights:
- Is Neck Posture Subgroup in Late Adolescence a Risk Factor for Persistent Neck Pain in Young Adults? A Prospective Study. Richards 2021 Phys Ther.
- Photobiomodulation therapy is not better than placebo in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain: a randomised placebo-controlled trial. Guimarães 2021 Pain.
- No effect of creatine monohydrate supplementation on inflammatory and cartilage degradation biomarkers in individuals with knee osteoarthritis. Cornish 2018 Nutr Res.
- The CANBACK trial: a randomised, controlled clinical trial of oral cannabidiol for people presenting to the emergency department with acute low back pain. Bebee 2021 Med J Aust.
- Relationships Between Sleep Quality and Pain-Related Factors for People with Chronic Low Back Pain: Tests of Reciprocal and Time of Day Effects. Gerhart 2017 Ann Behav Med.