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Somatosensory and Biomechanical Abnormalities in Females with Patellofemoral Pain

updated

Tags: patellar pain, sensation & touch, etiology, chronic pain, biomechanics, arthritis, aging, pain problems, knee, leg, limbs, overuse injury, injury, running, exercise, self-treatment, treatment, pro

One article on PainSci cites Noehren 2015: IT Band & Patellofemoral Pain Defy Common Sense

original abstract Abstracts here may not perfectly match originals, for a variety of technical and practical reasons. Some abstacts are truncated for my purposes here, if they are particularly long-winded and unhelpful. I occasionally add clarifying notes. And I make some minor corrections.

OBJECTIVES: Chronic patellofemoral pain (PFP) is a common orthopedic condition for which little is understood of the alterations in pain processing such as hyperalgesia, hypoesthesia, and the relationship of altered knee mechanics to hyperalgesia. We assessed pain, pressure pain thresholds (PPT), detection to light touch, and the relationship of pain and PPT's to knee abduction angle during a stair step down task between females with and without PFP.

METHODS: Twenty females diagnosed with PFP and 20 age matched healthy females participated in this study. Individuals underwent an instrumented assessment of knee mechanics during a stair step down task, PPT and detection of light touch over the center of the patella and lateral retinaculum, and PPT outside painful area over the right elbow.

RESULTS: The PFP group had significantly lower PPT values at the patella (P=0.02) lateral retinaculum (P=0.001), and at the elbow (P=0.03). There was an elevated threshold to detect light touch over the center of their patella (P=0.04). A significant relationship between both pain (r=-0.49, P=0.03) and PPT values (r=0.65, P=0.004) to the frontal plane knee angle in the PFP group which was not present in the control group (r=-0.17, P=0.49) or in the elbow (r=-0.009, P=0.972).

DISCUSSION: These results suggest that PFP is characterized by an increase in both localized and centralized pain sensitivity which is related to movement mechanics. Thus, PFP has both biomechanical, nociceptive components as well as inferred aspects of altered central sensitization.

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