Two articles on PainSci cite Lin 2003: 1. The Complete Guide to Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome 2. Patellofemoral Tracking Syndrome
original abstract †Abstracts here may not perfectly match originals, for a variety of technical and practical reasons. Some abstacts are truncated for my purposes here, if they are particularly long-winded and unhelpful. I occasionally add clarifying notes. And I make some minor corrections.
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate in vivo and noninvasively patellar tracking in six degrees of freedom during voluntary knee extension and flexion.
DESIGN: Patellar tracking was evaluated in vivo and noninvasively with corroboration using in vivo fluoroscopy and in vitro cadaver measurements.
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral pain is closely related to abnormal patellar tracking and malalignment. However, there is a lack of quantitative and convenient methods to evaluate six degrees of freedom in vivo patellar tracking, partly due to difficulty in evaluating 3-D patellar tracking noninvasively.
METHODS: Six degrees of freedom patellar tracking was measured in vivo and noninvasively using a small clamp mounted onto the patella and an optoelectronic motion capture system in 18 knees of 12 healthy subjects during voluntary knee extension and flexion.
RESULTS: The patella tracked systematically following a certain pattern during knee extension and flexion. Patellar tracking patterns during knee extension and flexion were not significantly different in the 18 knees tested. When the knee was voluntarily extended from 15 degrees flexion to full extension, the patella was extended 8 degrees, laterally tilted 2 degrees, and shifted 3 mm laterally and 10 mm proximally. The results were consistent with previous in vitro and in vivo studies.
CONCLUSION: Six degrees of freedom patellar tracking can be evaluated in vivo and noninvasively within the range of 20 degrees flexion to full knee extension. RELEVANCE: The study provided us quantitative six degrees of freedom information about patellar tracking during knee flexion/extension, which can be used to investigate patellar tracking in vivo and noninvasively in both healthy subjects and patients with patellofemoral disorder and patellar malalignment.
This page is part of the PainScience BIBLIOGRAPHY, which contains plain language summaries of thousands of scientific papers & others sources. It’s like a highly specialized blog. A few highlights:
- No long-term effects after a three-week open-label placebo treatment for chronic low back pain: a three-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial. Kleine-Borgmann 2022 Pain.
- Exercise and education versus saline injections for knee osteoarthritis: a randomised controlled equivalence trial. Bandak 2022 Ann Rheum Dis.
- Association of Lumbar MRI Findings with Current and Future Back Pain in a Population-based Cohort Study. Kasch 2022 Spine (Phila Pa 1976).
- A double-blinded randomised controlled study of the value of sequential intravenous and oral magnesium therapy in patients with chronic low back pain with a neuropathic component. Yousef 2013 Anaesthesia.
- Is Neck Posture Subgroup in Late Adolescence a Risk Factor for Persistent Neck Pain in Young Adults? A Prospective Study. Richards 2021 Phys Ther.