original abstract†Abstracts here may not perfectly match originals, for a variety of technical and practical reasons. Some abstacts are truncated for my purposes here, if they are particularly long-winded and unhelpful. I occasionally add clarifying notes. And I make some minor corrections.
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate in vivo and noninvasively patellar tracking in six degrees of freedom during voluntary knee extension and flexion.
DESIGN: Patellar tracking was evaluated in vivo and noninvasively with corroboration using in vivo fluoroscopy and in vitro cadaver measurements.
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral pain is closely related to abnormal patellar tracking and malalignment. However, there is a lack of quantitative and convenient methods to evaluate six degrees of freedom in vivo patellar tracking, partly due to difficulty in evaluating 3-D patellar tracking noninvasively.
METHODS: Six degrees of freedom patellar tracking was measured in vivo and noninvasively using a small clamp mounted onto the patella and an optoelectronic motion capture system in 18 knees of 12 healthy subjects during voluntary knee extension and flexion.
RESULTS: The patella tracked systematically following a certain pattern during knee extension and flexion. Patellar tracking patterns during knee extension and flexion were not significantly different in the 18 knees tested. When the knee was voluntarily extended from 15 degrees flexion to full extension, the patella was extended 8 degrees, laterally tilted 2 degrees, and shifted 3 mm laterally and 10 mm proximally. The results were consistent with previous in vitro and in vivo studies.
CONCLUSION: Six degrees of freedom patellar tracking can be evaluated in vivo and noninvasively within the range of 20 degrees flexion to full knee extension. RELEVANCE: The study provided us quantitative six degrees of freedom information about patellar tracking during knee flexion/extension, which can be used to investigate patellar tracking in vivo and noninvasively in both healthy subjects and patients with patellofemoral disorder and patellar malalignment.
These two articles on PainScience.com cite Lin 2003 as a source:
- Save Yourself from Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome! — Patellofemoral pain syndrome (aka runner’s knee) explained and discussed in great detail, including every imaginable self-treatment option and all the available scientific evidence
- Patellofemoral Tracking Syndrome — The beating heart of the conventional wisdom about patellofemoral pain is mostly nonsense
This page is part of the PainScience BIBLIOGRAPHY, which contains plain language summaries of thousands of scientific papers & others sources. It’s like a highly specialized blog. A few highlights:
- Effectiveness of customised foot orthoses for Achilles tendinopathy: a randomised controlled trial. Munteanu 2015 Br J Sports Med.
- A Bayesian model-averaged meta-analysis of the power pose effect with informed and default priors: the case of felt power. Gronau 2017 Comprehensive Results in Social Psychology.
- The neck and headaches. Bogduk 2014 Neurol Clin.
- Agreement of self-reported items and clinically assessed nerve root involvement (or sciatica) in a primary care setting. Konstantinou 2012 Eur Spine J.
- Effect of NSAIDs on Recovery From Acute Skeletal Muscle Injury: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Morelli 2017 Am J Sports Med.