One article on PainSci cites Kist 2017: Ozone Therapy for Pain
original abstract †Abstracts here may not perfectly match originals, for a variety of technical and practical reasons. Some abstacts are truncated for my purposes here, if they are particularly long-winded and unhelpful. I occasionally add clarifying notes. And I make some minor corrections.
OBJECTIVES: In this single-blinded, prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial, the effectiveness of an ozone gas or NaOCl/CHX disinfection protocol was compared within the root canal treatment of apical periodontitis.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty permanent teeth were randomly allocated to one technique. The clinical/radiographic assessment criteria included clinical symptoms, periapical index (PAI), and size of the apical lesion. In both groups, the root canal was mechanically cleaned and irrigated with NaCl and EDTA. Ozone gas (32 g m-3) or NaOCl (3 %) was applied followed by a 1-week inter-appointment dressing (Ca(OH)2). As final disinfection, ozone gas (ozone group) or CHX 2 % (NaOCl group) was applied. Microbial samples were taken after preparing the access cavity, after chemo-mechanical treatment and after inter-appointment dressing by sterile paper points. Microbial identification was performed by mass spectroscopy (MALDI-TOF-MS) and 16S-rRNA gene sequencing. The treated teeth were blindly re-evaluated after 6/12 months. Success rates, the decrease in PAI, the size of apical lesions and bacterial reduction were compared between groups (Fischer's exact test, Mann-Whitney U test).
RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the success rates (ozone group: 96.2/95.5 % after 6/12 months; NaOCl group: 95.5/95.2 % after 6/12 months). The differences in the decreases in PAI values and apical lesion sizes were also insignificant after 6 and 12 months. The bacterial reduction showed no significant differences between groups after chemo-mechanical treatment and after inter-appointment dressing. The most commonly found bacterial genera were Streptococcus spp., Parvimonas spp. and Prevotella spp.
CONCLUSIONS: The here used ozone gas and NaOCl/CHX protocols showed no difference in bacterial reduction in the sampled areas of the root canals.
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Within the limitations of the study, ozone gas seems to be a possible alternative disinfection agent within the root canal treatment of apical periodontitis.
This page is part of the PainScience BIBLIOGRAPHY, which contains plain language summaries of thousands of scientific papers & others sources. It’s like a highly specialized blog. A few highlights:
- A double-blinded randomised controlled study of the value of sequential intravenous and oral magnesium therapy in patients with chronic low back pain with a neuropathic component. Yousef 2013 Anaesthesia.
- Is Neck Posture Subgroup in Late Adolescence a Risk Factor for Persistent Neck Pain in Young Adults? A Prospective Study. Richards 2021 Phys Ther.
- Photobiomodulation therapy is not better than placebo in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain: a randomised placebo-controlled trial. Guimarães 2021 Pain.
- No effect of creatine monohydrate supplementation on inflammatory and cartilage degradation biomarkers in individuals with knee osteoarthritis. Cornish 2018 Nutr Res.
- The CANBACK trial: a randomised, controlled clinical trial of oral cannabidiol for people presenting to the emergency department with acute low back pain. Bebee 2021 Med J Aust.