original abstract†Abstracts here may not perfectly match originals, for a variety of technical and practical reasons. Some abstacts are truncated for my purposes here, if they are particularly long-winded and unhelpful. I occasionally add clarifying notes. And I make some minor corrections.
Vascular damage and fibrosis are common within the vertebral canal and intervertebral foramen. The grossest examples occur in patients who have previously undergone oil-based myelography or spinal surgery. The mechanisms of fibrosis in the latter instance may be related to persisting cotton debris from sponges used during the operation. This debris may act as a fibrogenic stimulus. However, in cadaveric studies of nonoperated spines, the author and his colleagues have found clear evidence of vascular damage and fibrosis within the spines, and this vascular damage is significantly related to the severity of degenerative disk disease. Degenerative disk disease with osteophytic proliferation and disk protrusion may lead to compression of epidural veins with dilation of noncompressed veins. There is a significant statistical relationship between the extent of the disk degeneration and prolapse and the evidence of venous compression and dilatation. The dilatated veins may contain antemortem thromboses. In turn, there is a significant statistical relationship between the evidence for venous obstruction and perineural fibrosis. Such a relationship also exists between perineural fibrosis and neuronal atrophy. If therefore appears likely that venous obstruction with resultant hypoxia is an important mechanism leading to nerve root damage. In the peripheral blood, significant defects in the fibrinolytic system correlate with the severity of the symptoms. However, it was not possible to correlate these changes with individual clinical or imaging features. These fibrinolytic changes are recognized as markers of vascular damage and may reflect the pathologic processes that the author and his colleagues have demonstrated. It is uncertain whether they play any secondary pathogenic role in the chronicity of these back problems.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- “Significance of the small lumbar spinal canal: cauda equina compression syndromes due to spondylosis 3: Intermittent claudication,” an article in Journal of Neurosurgery, 1969.
- “Pathophysiology of nerve compression,” an article in Hand Clin, 2002.
- “Changes in nerve root motion and intraradicular blood flow during an intraoperative straight-leg-raising test,” an article in Spine, 2003.
- “Intervertebral foramen venous obstruction. A cause of periradicular fibrosis?,” an article in Spine (Phila Pa 1976), 1989.
One article on PainScience.com cites Jayson 1992 as a source:
- PS Save Yourself from Low Back Pain! — Low back pain myths debunked and all your treatment options reviewed
This page is part of the PainScience BIBLIOGRAPHY, which contains plain language summaries of thousands of scientific papers & others sources. It’s like a highly specialized blog. A few highlights:
- A Bayesian model-averaged meta-analysis of the power pose effect with informed and default priors: the case of felt power. Gronau 2017 Comprehensive Results in Social Psychology.
- Association of Spinal Manipulative Therapy With Clinical Benefit and Harm for Acute Low Back Pain: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Paige 2017 JAMA.
- Incidence of Spontaneous Resorption of Lumbar Disc Herniation: A Meta-Analysis. Zhong 2017 Pain Physician.
- How much is too much? (Part 1) International Olympic Committee consensus statement on load in sport and risk of injury. Soligard 2016 Br J Sports Med.
- Chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy for migraine: a three-armed, single-blinded, placebo, randomized controlled trial. Chaibi 2016 Eur J Neurol.