original abstract †Abstracts here may not perfectly match originals, for a variety of technical and practical reasons. Some abstacts are truncated for my purposes here, if they are particularly long-winded and unhelpful. I occasionally add clarifying notes. And I make some minor corrections.
Tendons transmit skeletal muscle forces to bone and are essential in all voluntary movement. In turn, movement appears to affect tendon properties, and in recent years considerable effort has been put into discovering how tendon tissue responds to mechanical stimuli in vivo. Months and years of mechanical loading can influence the gross morphology of tendon, seen as an increase tendon cross sectional area (CSA). Similarly, tendon stiffness appears to be affected by weeks to months of loading. Increased stiffness can relate to changes in CSA and/or tendon material properties (modulus), though the relative contribution of these parameters is largely unclear. The possible mechanisms behind alterations in tendon material properties include changes in collagen fibril morphology and levels of cross-linking between collagen molecules. Furthermore, increased levels of collagen synthesis and expression are seen as a response to acute exercise and training, and may be a central parameter in tendon adaptation to loading. There are indications that this collagen-induction relates to the auto-/paracrine action of collagen-stimulating growth factors, such as TGFβ-1 and IGF-I, which are expressed in response to mechanical stimuli.
- “The pathogenesis of tendinopathy: balancing the response to loading,” S Peter Magnusson, Henning Langberg, and Michael Kjaer, Nat Rev Rheumatol, 2010.
This page is part of the PainScience BIBLIOGRAPHY, which contains plain language summaries of thousands of scientific papers & others sources. It’s like a highly specialized blog. A few highlights:
- Relationships Between Sleep Quality and Pain-Related Factors for People with Chronic Low Back Pain: Tests of Reciprocal and Time of Day Effects. Gerhart 2017 Ann Behav Med.
- Modulation in the elastic properties of gastrocnemius muscle heads in individuals with plantar fasciitis and its relationship with pain. Zhou 2020 Sci Rep.
- Association Between Plantar Fasciitis and Isolated Gastrocnemius Tightness. Nakale 2018 Foot Ankle Int.
- No Added Benefit of Combining Dry Needling With Guideline-Based Physical Therapy When Managing Chronic Neck Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Stieven 2020 J Orthop Sports Phys Ther.
- Effectiveness of customised foot orthoses for Achilles tendinopathy: a randomised controlled trial. Munteanu 2015 Br J Sports Med.