Two articles on PainSci cite Heaney 2008: 1. The Complete Guide to Trigger Points & Myofascial Pain 2. Vitamin D for Pain
PainSci notes on Heaney 2008:
How much Vitamin D supplementation is enough? How much is too much? “The input needed for efficacy, in addition to typical food and cutaneous inputs, will usually be 1000-2000 IU/day” and “toxicity is associated only with excessive supplemental intake (usually well above 20,000 IU/day).” This paragraph from the article on toxicity and safety is particularly relevant:
Both the intoxication literature and the recent controlled dosing studies have been reanalyzed by Hathcock et al. These authors show that essentially no cases of confirmed intoxication have been reported at serum 25(OH)D levels below 500 nmol/L. Correspondingly, the oral intakes needed to produce such levels are in excess of 20,000 IU/day in otherwise healthy adults and, more usually, above 50,000 IU/day. These findings led Hathcock et al to select 10,000 IU/day as the tolerable upper intake level (TUIL, or UL), with considerable confidence. It is likely that a higher intake could be defended, but little good would be served by doing so, as 10,000 IU/day is substantially more than is apparently needed for any recognized efficacy endpoint.
original abstract †Abstracts here may not perfectly match originals, for a variety of technical and practical reasons. Some abstacts are truncated for my purposes here, if they are particularly long-winded and unhelpful. I occasionally add clarifying notes. And I make some minor corrections.
The functional status indicator for vitamin D, for both safety and efficacy, is serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration. Efficacy for several health endpoints requires levels of 80 nmol/L or higher. Toxicity occurs at levels of 500 nmol/L or higher. The input needed for efficacy, in addition to typical food and cutaneous inputs, will usually be 1000-2000 IU/day of supplemental cholecalciferol. Toxicity is associated only with excessive supplemental intake (usually well above 20,000 IU/day).
This page is part of the PainScience BIBLIOGRAPHY, which contains plain language summaries of thousands of scientific papers & others sources. It’s like a highly specialized blog. A few highlights:
- Is Neck Posture Subgroup in Late Adolescence a Risk Factor for Persistent Neck Pain in Young Adults? A Prospective Study. Richards 2021 Phys Ther.
- Photobiomodulation therapy is not better than placebo in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain: a randomised placebo-controlled trial. Guimarães 2021 Pain.
- No effect of creatine monohydrate supplementation on inflammatory and cartilage degradation biomarkers in individuals with knee osteoarthritis. Cornish 2018 Nutr Res.
- The CANBACK trial: a randomised, controlled clinical trial of oral cannabidiol for people presenting to the emergency department with acute low back pain. Bebee 2021 Med J Aust.
- Relationships Between Sleep Quality and Pain-Related Factors for People with Chronic Low Back Pain: Tests of Reciprocal and Time of Day Effects. Gerhart 2017 Ann Behav Med.