Two articles on PainSci cite Gonçalves 2017: 1. Anxiety & Chronic Pain 2. Vitamins, Minerals & Supplements for Pain & Healing
PainSci commentary on Gonçalves 2017: ?This page is one of thousands in the PainScience.com bibliography. It is not a general article: it is focused on a single scientific paper, and it may provide only just enough context for the summary to make sense. Links to other papers and more general information are provided wherever possible.
This trial demonstrated that caffeine supplementation boosts athletic performance even if you are used to its effects. Forty endurance cyclists were divided into groups of low, moderate, and highly daily caffeine intake. They all did three cycling tests after drinking caffeine, a placebo, or nothing at all. Performance on caffeine was clearly best across the board for all participants, regardless of typical caffeine intake.
~ Paul Ingraham
original abstract †Abstracts here may not perfectly match originals, for a variety of technical and practical reasons. Some abstacts are truncated for my purposes here, if they are particularly long-winded and unhelpful. I occasionally add clarifying notes. And I make some minor corrections.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of habitual caffeine intake on exercise performance to acute caffeine supplementation.
METHODS: A double-blind, crossover, counterbalanced study was performed. Forty endurance-trained cyclists were allocated into tertiles according to their daily caffeine intake: low (58 ± 29 mg(.)d(-1)), moderate (143 ± 25 mg(.)d(-1)), and high consumers (351 ± 139 mg(.)d(-1)). Participants completed three trials in which they performed simulated cycling time-trials in the fastest time possible following ingestion of: caffeine (CAF: 6 mg(.)kg(-1) BM), placebo (PLA), and no supplement (CON).
RESULTS: Mixed-model analysis revealed time-trial performance was significantly improved in CAF compared to PLA and CON (29.92±2.18 min vs 30.81±2.67 and 31.14±2.71 min; P = <0.0002). ANCOVA revealed no influence of habitual caffeine intake as a covariate on exercise performance (P=0.47). Time-trial performance was not significantly different between tertiles (P=0.75). No correlation was observed between habitual caffeine intake and absolute changes (CAF - CON) in time-trial performance with caffeine (P=0.524). Individual analysis showed that eight, seven and five individuals improved above the variation of the test in CAF in the low, moderate and high tertiles. A Fisher's Exact Test did not show any significant differences in the number of individuals who improved in CAF between the tertiles (P>0.05). Blood lactate and ratings of perceived exertion were not different between trials and tertiles (P>0.05).
CONCLUSION: Performance effects of acute caffeine supplementation during a ~30 min cycling TT performance were not influenced by the level of habitual caffeine consumption.
This page is part of the PainScience BIBLIOGRAPHY, which contains plain language summaries of thousands of scientific papers & others sources. It’s like a highly specialized blog. A few highlights:
- Photobiomodulation therapy is not better than placebo in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain: a randomised placebo-controlled trial. Guimarães 2021 Pain.
- No effect of creatine monohydrate supplementation on inflammatory and cartilage degradation biomarkers in individuals with knee osteoarthritis. Cornish 2018 Nutr Res.
- The CANBACK trial: a randomised, controlled clinical trial of oral cannabidiol for people presenting to the emergency department with acute low back pain. Bebee 2021 Med J Aust.
- Relationships Between Sleep Quality and Pain-Related Factors for People with Chronic Low Back Pain: Tests of Reciprocal and Time of Day Effects. Gerhart 2017 Ann Behav Med.
- Modulation in the elastic properties of gastrocnemius muscle heads in individuals with plantar fasciitis and its relationship with pain. Zhou 2020 Sci Rep.