original abstract †Abstracts here may not perfectly match originals, for a variety of technical and practical reasons. Some abstacts are truncated for my purposes here, if they are particularly long-winded and unhelpful. I occasionally add clarifying notes. And I make some minor corrections.
Patients with pain may be at increased risk of developing a first episode of depressive or anxiety disorder. Insight into possible associations between specific pain characteristics and such a development could help clinicians to improve prevention and treatment strategies. The objectives of this study were to examine the impact of pain symptomatology on depression and anxiety onset and to determine whether these associations are independent of subthreshold depressive and anxiety symptoms. Data from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety, collected between 2004 and 2011, were used. A total of 614 participants with no previous history and no current depression or anxiety at baseline were followed up for 4 years. Onset of depressive or anxiety disorder was assessed at 2- and 4-year follow-up by Composite International Diagnostic Interview. Baseline pain characteristics were location, duration, and severity, as assessed by chronic pain grade. Onset of depressive or anxiety disorder occurred in 15.5% of participants. Using Cox survival analyses, onset of depression and anxiety was associated with 6 pain locations (neck, back, head, orofacial area, abdomen, and joints; hazard ratio [HR]=1.96 to 4.02; P<.05), increasing number of pain locations (HR=1.29; P<.001), and higher severity of pain (HR=1.57; P<.001). By contrast, there was no association with duration of pain symptoms (HR=1.47; P=.12). Independent of subthreshold affective symptoms, only joint pain and increasing number of pain locations were still significantly associated with depression and anxiety onset. Clinicians should be aware that regardless of affective symptoms, pain, particularly at multiple locations, is a risk indicator for developing depressive and anxiety disorders.
- “Pain, not chronic disease, is associated with the recurrence of depressive and anxiety disorders,” Gerrits et al, BMC Psychiatry, 2014.
- “Longitudinal association between pain, and depression and anxiety over four years,” Gerrits et al, J Psychosom Res, 2015.
This page is part of the PainScience BIBLIOGRAPHY, which contains plain language summaries of thousands of scientific papers & others sources. It’s like a highly specialized blog. A few highlights:
- Cannabidiol (CBD) products for pain: ineffective, expensive, and with potential harms. Moore 2023 J Pain.
- Inciting events associated with lumbar disc herniation. Suri 2010 Spine J.
- Prediction of an extruded fragment in lumbar disc patients from clinical presentations. Pople 1994 Spine (Phila Pa 1976).
- Characteristics of patients with low back and leg pain seeking treatment in primary care: baseline results from the ATLAS cohort study. Konstantinou 2015 BMC Musculoskelet Disord.
- Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of universal school-based mindfulness training compared with normal school provision in reducing risk of mental health problems and promoting well-being in adolescence: the MYRIAD cluster randomised controlled trial. Kuyken 2022 Evid Based Ment Health.