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Effect of deep stripping massage alone or with eccentric resistance on hamstring length and strength

PainSci » bibliography » Forman et al 2014
updated
Tags: massage, muscle, stretch, manual therapy, treatment, exercise, self-treatment

One article on PainSci cites Forman 2014: The Complete Guide to IT Band Syndrome

PainSci notes on Forman 2014:

An admirably straightforward test of massage on a few dozen people with tight hamstrings. It showed that a brief application of strong massage strokes parallel to muscle fibres will increase the extensibility of the muscle — not much, and probably not for long, but it’s a measurable effect.

original abstract Abstracts here may not perfectly match originals, for a variety of technical and practical reasons. Some abstacts are truncated for my purposes here, if they are particularly long-winded and unhelpful. I occasionally add clarifying notes. And I make some minor corrections.

BACKGROUND: Many studies have evaluated the effects of different interventions on hamstring length. However, little research has been conducted on the effects of deep stripping massage strokes (DSMS) alone, or combined with eccentric resistance, on hamstring length and strength.

PURPOSE: To determine: 1) if DSMS have an effect on hamstring length and strength and 2) if the effects on hamstring length and strength are any different when DSMS are combined with eccentric exercise.

METHODS: 89 Community College students and community members between the ages of 18 and 62 volunteered for the study. Of these, 64 demonstrated tight hamstrings on either one or both sides as defined by supine, passive terminal knee extension of ≤75° and participated in the study. Strength was assessed by pressing the posterior calcaneus into a strain gauge for approximately 5 s while seated with the knee flexed to 90°. On their tighter side, participants were administered longitudinal DSMS during 15, 10-s bouts of eccentric resistance with an elastic resistance band. On their other hamstring, participants were administered 15, 10-s longitudinal DSMS while lying passive. All massage strokes were performed at a depth of 7 out of 10 on a verbal pressure scale index. Afterwards, the hamstring flexibility and strength tests were repeated.

RESULTS: Both DSMS with eccentric resistance (10.7%) and DSMS alone (6.3%) resulted in improved (p < 0.01) hamstring flexibility. The improvement following DSMS with eccentric resistance was greater (p < 0.05) than following DSMS alone. Strength was not significantly affected by either treatment.

CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that DSMS increases hamstring length in less than 3 min but has no affect on strength. Furthermore, combining DSMS with eccentric resistance produces more hamstring flexibility gains than DSMS alone and does not affect strength.

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