PainSci summary of Fernández-de-Las-Peñas 2007?This page is one of thousands in the PainScience.com bibliography. It is not a general article: it is focused on a single scientific paper, and it may provide only just enough context for the summary to make sense. Links to other papers and more general information are provided at the bottom of the page, as often as possible. ★★★★☆4-star ratings are for bigger/better studies and reviews published in more prestigious journals, with only quibbles. Ratings are a highly subjective opinion, and subject to revision at any time. If you think this paper has been incorrectly rated, please let me know.
This straightforward study found that active trigger points were “more frequent” in 20 people with neck pain and 20 people with no pain.
original abstract†Abstracts here may not perfectly match originals, for a variety of technical and practical reasons. Some abstacts are truncated for my purposes here, if they are particularly long-winded and unhelpful. I occasionally add clarifying notes. And I make some minor corrections.
The aim of this study was to describe the differences in the presence of myofascial trigger points (TrPs) in the upper trapezius, sternocleidomastoid, levator scapulae and suboccipital muscles between patients presenting with mechanical neck pain and control healthy subjects. Twenty subjects with mechanical neck pain and 20 matched healthy controls participated in this study. TrPs were identified, by an assessor blinded to the subjects' condition, when there was a hypersensible tender spot in a palpable taut band, local twitch response elicited by the snapping palpation of the taut band, and reproduction of the referred pain typical of each TrP. The mean number of TrPs present on each neck pain patient was 4.3 (SD: 0.9), of which 2.5 (SD: 1.3) were latent and 1.8 (SD: 0.8) were active TrPs. Control subjects also exhibited TrPs (mean: 2; SD: 0.8). All were latent TrPs. Differences in the number of TrPs between both study groups were significant for active TrPs (P<0.001), but not for latent TrPs (P>0.5). Moreover, differences in the distribution of TrPs within the analysed cervical muscles were also significant (P<0.01) for all muscles except for both levator scapulae. All the examined muscles evoked referred pain patterns contributing to patients' symptoms. Active TrPs were more frequent in patients presenting with mechanical neck pain than in healthy subjects.
- “Myofascial trigger points and their relationship to headache clinical parameters in chronic tension-type headache,” César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Cristina Alonso-Blanco, Maria Luz Cuadrado, Robert D Gerwin, and Juan A Pareja, Headache, 2006.
- “Myofascial trigger points in cluster headache patients: a case series,” Elena P Calandre, Javier Hidalgo, Juan M Garcia-Leiva, Fernando Rico-Villademoros, and Antonia Delgado-Rodriguez, Head & Face Medicine, 2008.
- “Myofascial trigger points in migraine and tension-type headache,” Thien Phu Do, Gerda Ferja Heldarskard, Lærke Tørring Kolding, Jeppe Hvedstrup, and Henrik Winther Schytz, J Headache Pain, 2018.
One article on PainScience.com cites Fernández-de-Las-Peñas 2007 as a source:
- PS Save Yourself from Neck Pain! — A complete guide to chronic neck pain and the disturbing sensation of a “crick”
This page is part of the PainScience BIBLIOGRAPHY, which contains plain language summaries of thousands of scientific papers & others sources. It’s like a highly specialized blog. A few highlights:
- Effectiveness of customised foot orthoses for Achilles tendinopathy: a randomised controlled trial. Munteanu 2015 Br J Sports Med.
- A Bayesian model-averaged meta-analysis of the power pose effect with informed and default priors: the case of felt power. Gronau 2017 Comprehensive Results in Social Psychology.
- The neck and headaches. Bogduk 2014 Neurol Clin.
- Agreement of self-reported items and clinically assessed nerve root involvement (or sciatica) in a primary care setting. Konstantinou 2012 Eur Spine J.
- Effect of NSAIDs on Recovery From Acute Skeletal Muscle Injury: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Morelli 2017 Am J Sports Med.