One article on PainSci cites Baets 2020: Complete Guide to Frozen Shoulder
original abstract †Abstracts here may not perfectly match originals, for a variety of technical and practical reasons. Some abstacts are truncated for my purposes here, if they are particularly long-winded and unhelpful. I occasionally add clarifying notes. And I make some minor corrections.
BACKGROUND: In frozen shoulder (FS), inflammatory-fibrotic adaptations in capsuloligamentous structures are typically linked to perceived glenohumeral stiffness, glenohumeral range of motion (ROM) restrictions and decreased arm function. However, ROM restrictions based on muscle guarding are suggested as well. OBJECTIVES: To assess differences between pain, perceived stiffness, ROM restrictions and arm function at time of diagnosis and at four months follow-up and to assess whether perceived stiffness, ROM restrictions and arm function relate to pain, structural and/or cognitive factors. DESIGN: observational cohort study. METHODS: In persons with idiopathic FS, pain intensity at rest/at night/during activities (Numeric Rating Scale), perceived stiffness (Numeric Rating Scale), abduction/external rotation ROM (goniometry), and function (Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Questionnaire) were compared between both time points (Wilcoxon-signed rank tests). Spearman correlation coefficients assessed the relation between perceived stiffness, ROM and function on the one hand and structural factors (coracohumeral ligament (CHL) thickness and inferior glenohumeral recess (IGR) perimeter - arthroMRI), pain intensity and pain-related cognitions (Pain Catastrophizing Scale, Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia) on the other hand. RESULTS: Twenty persons participated (14 female; 56±8yrs) and three persons dropped out at 4 months. Pain intensity, perceived stiffness, ROM and arm function improved over time. ROM was related to CHL-thickness and IGR-perimeter; perceived stiffness was related to pain intensity; and arm function was related to pain intensity and pain-related cognitions. CONCLUSION: Objectively measured ROM is related to structural factors, while patient-reported outcomes are related to pain intensity and/or pain-related cognitions. Perceived stiffness does not relate to structural factors.
This page is part of the PainScience BIBLIOGRAPHY, which contains plain language summaries of thousands of scientific papers & others sources. It’s like a highly specialized blog. A few highlights:
- No long-term effects after a three-week open-label placebo treatment for chronic low back pain: a three-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial. Kleine-Borgmann 2022 Pain.
- Exercise and education versus saline injections for knee osteoarthritis: a randomised controlled equivalence trial. Bandak 2022 Ann Rheum Dis.
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- Is Neck Posture Subgroup in Late Adolescence a Risk Factor for Persistent Neck Pain in Young Adults? A Prospective Study. Richards 2021 Phys Ther.