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bibliography * The PainScience Bibliography contains plain language summaries of thousands of scientific papers and others sources, like a specialized blog. This page is about a single scientific paper in the bibliography, Cuesta-Vargas 2009.

Maximum and Resting Heart Rate in Treadmill and Deep-Water Running in Male International Volleyball Players

updated
Cuesta-Vargas A, Garcia-Romero JC, Kuisma R. Maximum and Resting Heart Rate in Treadmill and Deep-Water Running in Male International Volleyball Players. International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education. 2009;3:398–405.
Tags: exercise, water, random, neat, self-treatment, treatment, controversy, debunkery

PainSci summary of Cuesta-Vargas 2009?This page is one of thousands in the PainScience.com bibliography. It is not a general article: it is focused on a single scientific paper, and it may provide only just enough context for the summary to make sense. Links to other papers and more general information are provided at the bottom of the page, as often as possible. ★★★☆☆?3-star ratings are for typical studies with no more (or less) than the usual common problems. Ratings are a highly subjective opinion, and subject to revision at any time. If you think this paper has been incorrectly rated, please let me know.

In this simple test of several volleyball players, running in water resulted in a much lower maximum heart rate and recovery heart rate than running on a treadmill: a clear “cardiovascular response mediated by immersion in water.”

~ Paul Ingraham

original abstract

The aim of the study was to compare the physiological responses to deep water running (DWR) compared with treadmill running (TMR) by male international volleyball players. We compared the maximum, recovery, and resting heart rates, maximum blood lactate and ratings of perceived exertion between DWR and standard laboratory TMR tests. The maximum heart rate (HRmax) was 14.9 bpm lower in water than on land (p = .001, 95% confidence interval, 7.74–22.06). The recovery HR at three minutes was 16.4 bpm lower in water (p = .012, CI 95%, 4.57–28.23). The differences in the maximum HR and the three-minute recovery HR likely reflected a cardiovascular response mediated by immersion in water. The maximum blood lactate and the ratings of perceived exertion suggested that both tests were undertaken at the same effort levels. Before prescribing exercise intensity a water specific test should be performed.

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