Two articles on PainSci cite Connolly 1998: 1. The Complete Guide to Low Back Pain 2. Spinal Fracture Bracing
PainSci commentary on Connolly 1998: ?This page is one of thousands in the PainScience.com bibliography. It is not a general article: it is focused on a single scientific paper, and it may provide only just enough context for the summary to make sense. Links to other papers and more general information are provided wherever possible.
This research is really just asking two experienced surgeons their opinion on the value of bracing after back surgery (for non-traumatic back problems). They disagree. “Dr. Connolly argues that an external orthosis is advisable in many cases; Dr. Grob feels that the rigidity of internal fixation should be adequate to obviate the need for external bracing.”
~ Paul Ingraham
original abstract †Abstracts here may not perfectly match originals, for a variety of technical and practical reasons. Some abstacts are truncated for my purposes here, if they are particularly long-winded and unhelpful. I occasionally add clarifying notes. And I make some minor corrections.
The majority of spine fusions currently performed are for degenerative conditions. Controversy exists regarding whether to routinely brace patients during the postoperative period. The benefits of a rigid orthosis have yet to be documented in a scientific study, and the cost of a custom-molded orthosis can be quite high. An extensive literature search reveals few articles dealing with the subject, and none with an adequate study design to convincingly support or refute the use of external braces. In addition to the questions of whether an external brace is effective, the mechanism of action also remains unclear. It has been difficult to document mechanical effectiveness, so perhaps the effect is psychologic. In addition, it is possible that some, not all, fusion patients may benefit from a brace--yet our ability to select such a patient is poor. As a result, we have solicited the views of two experienced surgeons on the topic. Dr. Connolly argues that an external orthosis is advisable in many cases; Dr. Grob feels that the rigidity of internal fixation should be adequate to obviate the need for external bracing.
This page is part of the PainScience BIBLIOGRAPHY, which contains plain language summaries of thousands of scientific papers & others sources. It’s like a highly specialized blog. A few highlights:
- Association of Lumbar MRI Findings with Current and Future Back Pain in a Population-based Cohort Study. Kasch 2022 Spine (Phila Pa 1976).
- A double-blinded randomised controlled study of the value of sequential intravenous and oral magnesium therapy in patients with chronic low back pain with a neuropathic component. Yousef 2013 Anaesthesia.
- Is Neck Posture Subgroup in Late Adolescence a Risk Factor for Persistent Neck Pain in Young Adults? A Prospective Study. Richards 2021 Phys Ther.
- Sudden amnesia resulting in pain relief: the relationship between memory and pain. Choi 2007 Pain.
- Photobiomodulation therapy is not better than placebo in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain: a randomised placebo-controlled trial. Guimarães 2021 Pain.