Effects of High-Frequency Neuronavigated Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Fibromyalgia Syndrome: A Double-Blinded, Randomized Controlled Study
One article on PainSci cites Bilir 2021: Zapped! Does TENS work for pain?
original abstract †Abstracts here may not perfectly match originals, for a variety of technical and practical reasons. Some abstacts are truncated for my purposes here, if they are particularly long-winded and unhelpful. I occasionally add clarifying notes. And I make some minor corrections.
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of the study was to investigate the effect of 10-Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex on pain in fibromyalgia. Secondary aims were to determine its effects on stiffness, fatigue, quality of life, depression/anxiety, and cognitive functions. DESIGN: Twenty participants were randomized into two groups. Group A received 10-Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation to left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and group B received sham stimulation. Visual analog scale for pain, visual analog scale-stiffness, Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire, and Fatigue Severity Scale were assessed at the baseline, 2nd, and 6th weeks, whereas Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale and Addenbrooke's cognitive examination were assessed at the baseline and 6th week. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in visual analog scale-pain and Fatigue Severity Scale within and between groups over time (P> 0.05). In group A, significant improvement was found in visual analog scale-stiffness and fibromyalgia impact questionnaire at the 2nd week in comparison to the baseline (P < 0.05). However, no significant difference was detected in comparison with group B. There was no significant change in Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale scores between and within groups. All cognitive measures were similar in terms of differences from baseline between the groups (P> 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: High-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex did not show any significant beneficial effect on pain, stiffness, fatigue, quality of life, mood, and cognitive state over sham stimulation.
- “Effectiveness of transcranial direct current stimulation preceding cognitive behavioural management for chronic low back pain: sham controlled double blinded randomised controlled trial,” Luedtke et al, British Medical Journal, 2015.
- “Non-invasive brain stimulation techniques for chronic pain,” O’Connell et al, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2018.
This page is part of the PainScience BIBLIOGRAPHY, which contains plain language summaries of thousands of scientific papers & others sources. It’s like a highly specialized blog. A few highlights:
- Inciting events associated with lumbar disc herniation. Suri 2010 Spine J.
- Prediction of an extruded fragment in lumbar disc patients from clinical presentations. Pople 1994 Spine (Phila Pa 1976).
- Characteristics of patients with low back and leg pain seeking treatment in primary care: baseline results from the ATLAS cohort study. Konstantinou 2015 BMC Musculoskelet Disord.
- Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of universal school-based mindfulness training compared with normal school provision in reducing risk of mental health problems and promoting well-being in adolescence: the MYRIAD cluster randomised controlled trial. Kuyken 2022 Evid Based Ment Health.
- No long-term effects after a three-week open-label placebo treatment for chronic low back pain: a three-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial. Kleine-Borgmann 2022 Pain.