PainSci summary of Barrett 1995?This page is one of thousands in the PainScience.com bibliography. It is not a general article: it is focused on a single scientific paper, and it may provide only just enough context for the summary to make sense. Links to other papers and more general information are provided at the bottom of the page, as often as possible. ★★★★★5-star ratings are for sentinel studies, excellent experiments with meaningful results. Ratings are a highly subjective opinion, and subject to revision at any time. If you think this paper has been incorrectly rated, please let me know.
This study found that 21% of 200 randomly selected Americans had heel bone spurs.
original abstract†Abstracts here may not perfectly match originals, for a variety of technical and practical reasons. Some abstacts are truncated for my purposes here, if they are particularly long-winded and unhelpful. I occasionally add clarifying notes. And I make some minor corrections.
The authors radiographed and dissected 200 fresh frozen cadaveric specimens selected randomly from the general United States population. A 21% incidence of inferior calcaneal exostosis formation was identified. Of those specimens identified as having an inferior calcaneal exostosis, there was a 52.4% incidence of heel spurs that were in the plantar fascia and a 47.6% incidence of heel spurs that were identified superior to the plantar fascia. After dissection of the specimens, the mean width and thickness of the medial, central and lateral bands of the plantar fascia, and the width of the medial and lateral subcutaneous fat were calculated. The presence of an inferior calcaneal bursa was identified in one specimen, and the presence of a heel neuroma was identified in 0 specimens of the 200 examined. The results of this study will assist the practitioner in performing the endoscopic plantar fasciotomy by providing the surgeon with quantitative averages of fascial dimensions. By knowing these fascial measurements, the practitioner will be aided intraoperatively in determining what level of fasciotomy to perform. This could help obviate some of the postoperative biomechanical sequelae that can occur with total releases, and immediate postoperative excessive ambulation by the patient. This study may help to gain insight into the true etiology of heel spur syndrome/plantar fasciitis.
One article on PainScience.com cites Barrett 1995 as a source:
- PS Save Yourself from Plantar Fasciitis! — Plantar fasciitis explained in great detail, including every possible treatment option, and all supported by recent scientific research
This page is part of the PainScience BIBLIOGRAPHY, which contains plain language summaries of thousands of scientific papers & others sources. It’s like a highly specialized blog. A few highlights:
- Effectiveness of customised foot orthoses for Achilles tendinopathy: a randomised controlled trial. Munteanu 2015 Br J Sports Med.
- A Bayesian model-averaged meta-analysis of the power pose effect with informed and default priors: the case of felt power. Gronau 2017 Comprehensive Results in Social Psychology.
- The neck and headaches. Bogduk 2014 Neurol Clin.
- Agreement of self-reported items and clinically assessed nerve root involvement (or sciatica) in a primary care setting. Konstantinou 2012 Eur Spine J.
- Effect of NSAIDs on Recovery From Acute Skeletal Muscle Injury: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Morelli 2017 Am J Sports Med.