One article on PainSci cites Weir 2010: Is Diagnosis for Pain Problems Reliable?
PainSci notes on Weir 2010:
You can’t very well treat core instability if you can’t diagnose it as a problem in the first place. This test of testing was a clear failure: “6 clinical core stability tests are not reliable when a 4-point visual scoring assessment is used.” Even if core strength is important (a separate question), this evidence clearly shows that no one should be claiming to be able to detect a problem with core weakness in the first place. A bit problematic for core dogma.
original abstract †Abstracts here may not perfectly match originals, for a variety of technical and practical reasons. Some abstacts are truncated for my purposes here, if they are particularly long-winded and unhelpful. I occasionally add clarifying notes. And I make some minor corrections.
OBJECTIVE: Core stability is a complex concept within sports medicine and is thought to play a role in sports injuries. There is a lack of reliable and valid clinical tests for core stability. The inter- and intraobserver reliability of 6 tests commonly used to assess core stability was determined.
DESIGN: A video of the tests was shown to 6 observers. A second observation took place 5 weeks later with the same observers.
SETTING: Sports medicine department of a hospital.
PARTICIPANTS: Forty male athletes.
ASSESSMENT OF VARIABLES: Core stability was rated as poor, moderate, good, or excellent by each observer for each of the 6 tests.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Inter- and intraobserver reliability.
RESULTS: The mean score of all tests was 13.4% poor, 33.3% moderate, 40.1% good, and 13.2% excellent. The intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs 2,1) for the interobserver reliability for frontal, sagittal, and transverse plane evaluation were 0.09, 0.32, and 0.51, respectively. The ICCs for the unilateral squat, the lateral step-down, and the bridge were 0.41, 0.39, and 0.36, respectively. The ICCs for the intraobserver reliability for frontal, sagittal, and transverse plane evaluation were 0.31, 0.40, and 0.55, respectively. The ICCs for the unilateral squat, the lateral step-down, and the bridge were 0.55, 0.49, and 0.21, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: The 6 clinical core stability tests are not reliable when a 4-point visual scoring assessment is used. Future research on movement evaluation should be focused on more specific rating methods and training for the observers.
This page is part of the PainScience BIBLIOGRAPHY, which contains plain language summaries of thousands of scientific papers & others sources. It’s like a highly specialized blog. A few highlights:
- No long-term effects after a three-week open-label placebo treatment for chronic low back pain: a three-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial. Kleine-Borgmann 2022 Pain.
- Exercise and education versus saline injections for knee osteoarthritis: a randomised controlled equivalence trial. Bandak 2022 Ann Rheum Dis.
- Association of Lumbar MRI Findings with Current and Future Back Pain in a Population-based Cohort Study. Kasch 2022 Spine (Phila Pa 1976).
- A double-blinded randomised controlled study of the value of sequential intravenous and oral magnesium therapy in patients with chronic low back pain with a neuropathic component. Yousef 2013 Anaesthesia.
- Is Neck Posture Subgroup in Late Adolescence a Risk Factor for Persistent Neck Pain in Young Adults? A Prospective Study. Richards 2021 Phys Ther.