PainSci summary of Ayles 2011?This page is one of thousands in the PainScience.com bibliography. It is not a general article: it is focused on a single scientific paper, and it may provide only just enough context for the summary to make sense. Links to other papers and more general information are provided at the bottom of the page, as often as possible. ★★★☆☆3-star ratings are for typical studies with no more (or less) than the usual common problems. Ratings are a highly subjective opinion, and subject to revision at any time. If you think this paper has been incorrectly rated, please let me know.
For this study, young men exercised one leg hard enough to make it good and sore. Pressure pain thresholds and sensitivities were measured a day later in the sore muscles, but also in other muscles that send their sensory information to the same part of the spinal cord — that’s unexercised and non-sore muscles on the sore side, that just happen to be connected to the same area of the spinal cord.
Not surprisingly, pain thresholds were lower in the sore, exercised muscles. But — and this is cool — vibrating the sore muscles caused soreness in other muscles that should not have been sore! So soreness effectively “spread” to other muscle groups, via the central nervous system. This raises interesting questions about how people with brain-regulated pain dysfunction might react to exercise soreness: could the pain spread to unaffected areas by the same mechanism? It seems likely.
original abstract†Abstracts here may not perfectly match originals, for a variety of technical and practical reasons. Some abstacts are truncated for my purposes here, if they are particularly long-winded and unhelpful. I occasionally add clarifying notes. And I make some minor corrections.
Evidence suggests large diameter afferents, presumably in response to centrally mediated changes, augment the mechanical allodynia or hyperalgesia seen in delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) conditions. Healthy males aged 18 to 30 (n = 16) performed eccentric exercise eliciting DOMS in the tibialis anterior muscle of a randomly assigned exercised leg. The contralateral leg served as a control. Mechanosensitivity was assessed on the exercised and control legs prior to and 24 hours postexercise via pressure pain thresholds (PPTs). PPTs were assessed at the muscle site, and at a distant segmentally related site, either without vibration or with vibration concurrently applied to the distant muscle, segmentally related, or control extra-segmentally related site. Participants completed a 6-point Likert scale providing a subjective measure of DOMS 5 days postexercise. Baseline mechanosensitivity was not significantly different at any site between the exercised and control legs prior to the exercise. Soreness ratings were higher 24 to 48 hours postexercise (P < .05), and baseline PPTs at the exercised legs muscle site decreased postexercise (P < .001). On day 1 following exercise, segmentally related site PPTs reduced significantly when vibration was applied concurrently to the DOMS affected tibialis anterior muscle (P < .04) compared to baseline mechanosensitivity or extrasegmental control vibration.
PERSPECTIVE: Further evidence is presented by this article indicating that large diameter afferents, presumably via centrally mediated mechanisms, augment the mechanical hyperalgesia seen in DOMS conditions. Future research examining eccentric activity in individuals with likely centrally sensitized conditions may be warranted.
One article on PainScience.com cites Ayles 2011 as a source:
- PS Post-Exercise, Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness — The biology & treatment of “muscle fever,” the deep muscle soreness that surges 24-48 hours after an unfamiliar workout intensity
This page is part of the PainScience BIBLIOGRAPHY, which contains plain language summaries of thousands of scientific papers & others sources. It’s like a highly specialized blog. A few highlights:
- A Bayesian model-averaged meta-analysis of the power pose effect with informed and default priors: the case of felt power. Gronau 2017 Comprehensive Results in Social Psychology.
- The neck and headaches. Bogduk 2014 Neurol Clin.
- Agreement of self-reported items and clinically assessed nerve root involvement (or sciatica) in a primary care setting. Konstantinou 2012 Eur Spine J.
- Effect of NSAIDs on Recovery From Acute Skeletal Muscle Injury: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Morelli 2017 Am J Sports Med.
- Association of Spinal Manipulative Therapy With Clinical Benefit and Harm for Acute Low Back Pain: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Paige 2017 JAMA.