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Both too little and too much load are linked to illness and injury in athletes

updated

Tags: etiology, rest, exercise, prevention, injury, rehab, pro, self-treatment, treatment, pain problems

Nine articles on PainSci cite Soligard 2016: (1) Sports Injury Prevention Tips(2) Anxiety & Chronic Pain(3) The Complete Guide to IT Band Syndrome(4) The Complete Guide to Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome(5) Shin Splints Treatment, The Complete Guide(6) The Complete Guide to Muscle Strains(7) The Art of Rest(8) Repetitive Strain Injuries Tutorial(9) Achilles Tendinitis Treatment Science

PainSci summary of Soligard 2016: ?This page is one of thousands in the PainScience.com bibliography. It is not a general article: it is focused on a single scientific paper, and it may provide only just enough context for the summary to make sense. Links to other papers and more general information are provided at the bottom of the page, as often as possible.

This is the first of a pair of papers (with Schwellnus) about the risks of athletic training and competition intensity (load). Is load a risk for injury and illness? How much is too much? Is too little a problem? These papers were prepared by a panel of experts for the International Olympic Committee, and both them use many words to say the same things formally — but they are good points. Here they are in plain English:

~ Paul Ingraham

original abstract Abstracts here may not perfectly match originals, for a variety of technical and practical reasons. Some abstacts are truncated for my purposes here, if they are particularly long-winded and unhelpful. I occasionally add clarifying notes. And I make some minor corrections.

Athletes participating in elite sports are exposed to high training loads and increasingly saturated competition calendars. Emerging evidence indicates that poor load management is a major risk factor for injury. The International Olympic Committee convened an expert group to review the scientific evidence for the relationship of load (defined broadly to include rapid changes in training and competition load, competition calendar congestion, psychological load and travel) and health outcomes in sport. We summarise the results linking load to risk of injury in athletes, and provide athletes, coaches and support staff with practical guidelines to manage load in sport. This consensus statement includes guidelines for (1) prescription of training and competition load, as well as for (2) monitoring of training, competition and psychological load, athlete well-being and injury. In the process, we identified research priorities.

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